Diabetes is a potentially serious disease that raises your risk of stroke, heart disease, and even limb loss. Robert Winn, MD, is a board-certified family medicine physician who diagnoses, treats, and prevents diabetes at Real Wellness, LLC, in Collingswood, New Jersey. Dr. Winn provides personalized care to determine the right diabetes treatment plan for every patient. To learn more, call or schedule an appointment online today.
Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with high blood sugar levels. Sugar, or glucose, can build up in your blood if you have diabetes.
Normally, your pancreas produces a hormone called insulin that helps transfer sugar from the food you eat to your cells for energy. With diabetes, your pancreas either doesn’t use insulin efficiently or doesn’t make it at all. This leads to uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Without the regulation that insulin provides, you’re at a higher risk of serious diabetes complications, including heart disease, vision loss, stroke, nerve damage, and limb loss.
The three most common types of diabetes are:
Most people learn they have type 1 diabetes during childhood, but some aren’t diagnosed until young adulthood. This type of diabetes means your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin at all, so you must get it through injections to control your blood sugar levels.
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or it doesn’t use the hormone efficiently. You can develop this type of diabetes at any time, but it typically happens during middle age.
Certain factors can raise your risk of type 2 diabetes, including obesity, poor diet, and physical inactivity.
High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can cause gestational diabetes. While gestational diabetes usually resolves itself once you give birth, it can raise your risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Prediabetes means you have high blood sugar levels, but they don’t quite qualify as diabetes. Without treatment, prediabetes can progress to type 2 diabetes.
You may not realize you have diabetes until you visit Real Wellness, LLC, for your annual physical exam. Diabetes doesn’t always cause obvious symptoms. However, if you have diabetes, you may experience:
If you suspect you have diabetes, Dr. Winn can order a fasting sugar blood test or a glycated hemoglobin test to determine whether you have excess sugar in your blood.
After a comprehensive evaluation, Dr. Winn can determine the right diabetes management plan for you.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you will take insulin regularly for the rest of your life to manage your blood sugar levels. Some patients with type 2 diabetes must also take insulin injections.
Certain lifestyle modifications can significantly reduce your diabetes symptoms and lower your risk for serious complications. Weight loss, a low-sugar diet, regular exercise, and quitting smoking all help maintain healthy blood sugar levels.
To schedule a visit with Dr. Winn, call Real Wellness, LLC, or book an appointment online today.